Before installing Bro, you’ll need to ensure that some dependencies are in place.
Bro requires the following libraries and tools to be installed before you begin:
To build Bro from source, the following additional dependencies are required:
- CMake 2.8.12 or greater (http://www.cmake.org)
- C/C++ compiler with C++11 support (GCC 4.8+ or Clang 3.3+)
- SWIG (http://www.swig.org)
- Bison 2.5 or greater (https://www.gnu.org/software/bison/)
- Flex (lexical analyzer generator) (https://github.com/westes/flex)
- Libpcap headers (http://www.tcpdump.org)
- OpenSSL headers (http://www.openssl.org)
- zlib headers (https://zlib.net/)
- Python (https://www.python.org/)
To install the required dependencies, you can use:
sudo yum install cmake make gcc gcc-c++ flex bison libpcap-devel openssl-devel python-devel swig zlib-devel
sudo apt-get install cmake make gcc g++ flex bison libpcap-dev libssl-dev python-dev swig zlib1g-dev
If your system uses Python 2.7, then you will also need to install the “python-ipaddress” package.
Most required dependencies should come with a minimal FreeBSD install except for the following.
sudo pkg install bash cmake swig30 bison python py27-sqlite3 py27-ipaddress
Mac OS X:
Compiling source code on Macs requires first installing either Xcode or the “Command Line Tools” (which is a much smaller download). To check if either is installed, run the
xcode-select -pcommand. If you see an error message, then neither is installed and you can then run
xcode-select --installwhich will prompt you to either get Xcode (by clicking “Get Xcode”) or to install the command line tools (by clicking “Install”).
OS X comes with all required dependencies except for CMake, SWIG, Bison, and OpenSSL (OpenSSL headers were removed in OS X 10.11, therefore OpenSSL must be installed manually for OS X versions 10.11 or newer).
Distributions of these dependencies can likely be obtained from your preferred Mac OS X package management system (e.g. Homebrew, MacPorts, or Fink). Specifically for Homebrew, the
bisonpackages provide the required dependencies. For MacPorts, the
bisonpackages provide the required dependencies.
Bro can make use of some optional libraries and tools if they are found at build time:
- libmaxminddb (for geolocating IP addresses)
- sendmail (enables Bro and BroControl to send mail)
- curl (used by a Bro script that implements active HTTP)
- gperftools (tcmalloc is used to improve memory and CPU usage)
- jemalloc (http://www.canonware.com/jemalloc/)
- PF_RING (Linux only, see Cluster Configuration)
- krb5 libraries and headers
- ipsumdump (for trace-summary; http://www.cs.ucla.edu/~kohler/ipsumdump)
Geolocation is probably the most interesting and can be installed on most platforms by following the instructions for installing the GeoIP library and database.
Bro can be downloaded in either pre-built binary package or source code forms.
Using Pre-Built Binary Release Packages¶
See the downloads page for currently supported/targeted platforms for binary releases and for installation instructions.
Linux based binary installations are usually performed by adding information about the Bro packages to the respective system packaging tool. Then the usual system utilities such as
zypperare used to perform the installation.
The primary install prefix for binary packages is
Installing from Source¶
Bro releases are bundled into source packages for convenience and are available on the downloads page.
Alternatively, the latest Bro development version can be obtained through git repositories hosted at https://github.com/zeek. See our git development documentation for comprehensive information on Bro’s use of git revision control, but the short story for downloading the full source code experience for Bro via git is:
git clone --recursive https://github.com/zeek/zeek
If you choose to clone the
non-recursively for a “minimal Zeek experience”, be aware that
compiling it depends on several of the other submodules as well.
The typical way to build and install from source is (for more options,
./configure make make install
configure script fails, then it is most likely because it either
couldn’t find a required dependency or it couldn’t find a sufficiently new
version of a dependency. Assuming that you already installed all required
dependencies, then you may need to use one of the
that can be given to the
configure script to help it locate a dependency.
The default installation path is
/usr/local/bro, which would typically
require root privileges when doing the
make install. A different
installation path can be chosen by specifying the
--prefix option. Note that
/opt/bro are the
standard prefixes for binary Bro packages to be installed, so those are
typically not good choices unless you are creating such a package.
OpenBSD users, please see our FAQ if you are having problems installing Bro.
Depending on the Bro package you downloaded, there may be auxiliary
tools and libraries available in the
aux/ directory. Some of them
will be automatically built and installed along with Bro. There are
--disable-* options that can be given to the configure script to
turn off unwanted auxiliary projects that would otherwise be installed
automatically. Finally, use
make install-aux to install some of
the other programs that are in the
Finally, if you want to build the Bro documentation (not required, because
all of the documentation for the latest Bro release is available on the
Bro web site), there are instructions in
doc/README in the source
Configure the Run-Time Environment¶
You may want to adjust your
PATH environment variable
according to the platform/shell/package you’re using. For example:
setenv PATH /usr/local/bro/bin:$PATH
/opt/bro/bin instead if you installed from a binary package.